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Dictionary of the New Testament Use of the Old Testament (Beale, Carson, Gladd, Naselli)

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With the torrent of publications on the use of the Old Testament in the New Testament, the time is ripe for a dictionary dedicated to this incredibly rich yet diverse field. This companion volume to the well-received Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament (CNTUOT) brings together leading evangelical biblical scholars to explore and explain the many facets of how the New Testament writers appropriated the Old Testament.

This definitive resource covers a range of interpretive topics and includes summary articles on each biblical book and numerous themes. It also unpacks concepts mentioned in the CNTUOT, demonstrates how the Old Testament uses the Old Testament, and addresses a wide range of biblical-theological, hermeneutical, and exegetical topics.

This handy reference book is for all serious students of the Bible as they study how and why Old Testament texts reappear and are reappropriated throughout the Bible.


"Written and edited by leading scholars in this subject, the Dictionary of the New Testament Use of the Old Testament will prove an invaluable reference tool that focuses on one of the most important topics in biblical interpretation. While many areas of background shed needed light on the New Testament, few if any are as critical as the Scriptures that informed the thinking and theology of the New Testament writers and their audiences. With essays addressing essential topics, this work complements the valuable Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament."

Craig S. Keener, F. M. and Ada Thompson Professor of Biblical Studies, Asbury Theological Seminary

"The editors are to be congratulated for assembling a stellar team of contributors, who present us with the results of decades of communal scholarly reflection on how the New Testament uses the Old. Far from merely summarizing existing knowledge, these articles advance our understanding of this subject, which is central for understanding Christian Scripture."

Peter Williams, principal, Tyndale House

"This impressive collection of articles represents years of research, writing, organizing, and editing. Pastors, professors, and careful students of the Bible will benefit from this outstanding reference work. A remarkable achievement."

Kevin DeYoung, senior pastor, Christ Covenant Church, Matthews, North Carolina; associate professor of systematic theology, Reformed Theological Seminary, Charlotte

"The Dictionary of the New Testament Use of the Old Testament can best be described as a companion volume to the immensely successful Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament, riding the big wave of studies on the use of the Old Testament in the New Testament. The articles of the dictionary, which move from Abraham to Zephaniah and condense relevant English-language scholarship, survey all the biblical books and discuss biblical-theological topics (e.g., church, covenant, creation, ethics, gospel, Holy Spirit, justification, promise, shame, sin, wrath), Jewish exegetical traditions (e.g., Apocrypha, Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint), and inner-biblical exegesis (e.g., allegory, method, orality, rhetoric, typology, systematic theology, biblical theology). The dictionary is an indispensable resource for all who interpret, teach, and preach both Old Testament and New Testament texts. The editors and Baker Academic are to be congratulated on producing this magnificent volume."

Eckhard J. Schnabel, Mary F. Rockefeller Distinguished Professor of New Testament, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary

"A concise, comprehensive, well-produced, and user-friendly guide to the way the New Testament uses the Old is exactly what pastors and scholars need--and here it is. The scholarship is up-to-date, the presentation is comprehensible to nonspecialists, and the overall structure makes it easy to trace particular themes and apply them in a variety of church and seminary contexts. An essential resource and an ideal gift to any student of the Bible."

Gerald Bray, research professor of divinity, Beeson Divinity School

"The Old Testament provides the theological foundation and context in the light of which Jesus and his achievement must be understood. The Dictionary of the New Testament Use of the Old Testament treats readers to all of the essential elements that come into play in this vital dimension of exegesis. Highly recommended."

Craig A. Evans, John Bisagno Distinguished Professor of Christian Origins, Houston Christian University

"The matter of the use of the Old Testament in the New Testament is complex, exciting, and of great significance. This remarkable work examines the use of the Old Testament in the New at a number of levels, including textual issues, exegesis, biblical theology, and systematic theology. The essays are marked by both clarity and insight, and the result is a work that students, pastors, and scholars will want to consult regularly. This dictionary will be an important resource for years to come."

Thomas R. Schreiner, James Buchanan Harrison Professor of New Testament Interpretation, associate dean, The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

About the Authors

G. K. Beale (PhD, University of Cambridge) is professor of New Testament and biblical theology at Reformed Theological Seminary in Dallas, Texas. He has served as president and as a member of the executive committee of the Evangelical Theological Society. He is coeditor (with D. A. Carson) of the Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament and the author of numerous books, including A New Testament Biblical Theology: The Unfolding of the Old Testament in the New, Handbook on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament, and commentaries on Colossians and Philemon, Revelation, and 1 and 2 Thessalonians.

D. A. Carson (PhD, University of Cambridge) is emeritus professor of New Testament at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois, and is the author or editor of more than fifty books, including The God Who Is There, Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament (coedited with G. K. Beale), and How Long, O Lord? He is a founding member of The Gospel Coalition and an active guest lecturer in academic and church settings around the world.

Benjamin L. Gladd (PhD, Wheaton College) is professor of New Testament at Reformed Theological Seminary in Jackson, Mississippi. He is the author or coauthor of several books, including From Adam and Israel to the Church, The Story Retold: A Biblical-Theological Introduction to the New Testament (with G. K. Beale) and Making All Things New (with Matthew S. Harmon). He also edits the Essential Studies in Biblical Theology series and serves on the editorial board of Themelios.

Andrew David Naselli (PhD, Bob Jones University; PhD, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School) is professor of systematic theology and New Testament at Bethlehem College and Seminary. He is also one of the pastors of the North Church in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the author of several books.