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The Works of John Owen, Vol. 10: The Death of Christ

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Despite his other achievements, Owen is best famed for his writings. These cover the range of doctrinal, ecclesiastical and practical subjects. They are characterized by profundity, thoroughness and, consequently, authority. Andrew Thomson said that Owen 'makes you feel when he has reached the end of his subject, that he has also exhausted it.'

Although many of his works were called forth by the particular needs of his own day they all have a uniform quality of timelessness. Owen's works were republished in full in the nineteenth century. Owen is surely the Prince of the Puritans. 'To master his works', says Spurgeon, 'is to be a profound theologian.'


Table of Contents:

  Epistle Dedicatory, 5
  To the Christian Reader, 8
  Θεομαχίας Αύτεξονσιαστιχής specimen, 10
I Of the two main ends aimed at by the Arminians, by their innovations in the received doctrine of the reformed churches, 11 11
II Of the eternity and immutability of the decrees of Almighty God, denied and overthrown by the Arminians, 14
III Of the prescience or foreknowledge of God, and how it is questioned and overthrown by the Arrninians, 22
IV Of the providence of God in governing the world diversely, thrust from this pre-eminence by the Arminian idol of free will, 30
V Whether the will and purpose of God may be resisted, and he be frus- trate of his intentions, 43
VI How the whole doctrine of predestination is corrupted by the Arminians, 53
VII Of original sin and the corruption of nature, 68
VIII Of the state of Adam before the fall, or of original righteousness, 82
IX Of the death of Christ, and of the efficacy of his merits, 87
X Of the cause of faith, grace, and righteousness, 100
XI Whether salvation may be attained without the knowledge of, or faith in, Christ Jesus, 108
XII Of free-will, the nature and power thereof, 114
XIII Of the power of free- will in preparing us for our conversion unto God, 123
XIV Of our conversion to God, 129
  Epistle Dedicatory, 145
  Two Attestations touching the ensuing Treatise, 147
  To the Reader, 149
  BOOK I.  
I In general of the end of the death of Christ, as it is in the Scripture proposed, 157
II Of the nature of an end in general, and some distinctions about it, 160
III Of the agent or chief author of the work of our redemption, and of the first thing distinctly ascribed to the person of the Father, 163
IV Of those things which in the work of redemption are peculiarly ascribed to the person of the Son, 174
V The peculiar actions of the Holy Spirit in this business, 178
VI The means used by the fore-recounted agents in this work, 179
VII Containing reasons to prove the oblation and intercession of Christ to be one entire means respecting the accomplishment of the same proposed end, and to have the same personal object, 182
VIII Objections against the former proposal answered, 187
  BOOK II.  
I Some previous considerations to a more particular inquiry after the propel end and effect of the death of Christ, 200
II Containing a removal of some mistakes and false assignations of the end of the death of Christ, 203
III More particularly of the immediate end of the death of Christ, with the several ways whereby it is designed, 208
IV Of the distinction of impetration and application… 222
V Of application and impetration, 232
I Arguments against the universality of redemption… 236
II Containing three other arguments, 240
III Containing two other arguments from the person Christ sustained in this business, 246
IV Of sanctification, and of the cause of faith, and the procurement thereof by the death of Christ, 249
V Being a continuance of arguments from the nature and description of the thing in hand; and first, of redemption, 258
VI Of the nature of reconciliation, and the argument taken from thence, 261
VII Of the nature’ of the satisfaction of Christ, with arguments from thence, 265
VIII A digression, containing the substance of an occasional conference concerning the satisfaction of Christ, 274
IX Being a second part of the former digression-Arguments to prove the satisfaction of Christ, 279
X Of the merit of Christ, with arguments from thence, 286
XI The last general argument, 290
  BOOK IV.  
I Things previously to be considered, to the solution of objections, 294
II An entrance to the answer unto particular arguments, 316
III An unfolding of the remaining texts of Scripture produced for the confirmation of the first general argument for universal redemption, 330
IV Answer to the second general argument for the universality of redemption, 343
V The last argument from Scripture answered, 359
VI An answer to the twentieth chapter of the book entitled, “The Univer­sality of God’s Free Grace,” etc… 368
VII The removal of other remaining objections, 404
  Some few Testimonies of the Ancients, 422
  An Appendix, in reply to Mr Joshua Sprigge, 425
  To the Reader, 431
I The occasion of this discourse, with the intendment of the whole, 435
II An entrance into the whole-Of the nature of the payment made by Christ, with the right stating of the things in difference, 437
III The arguments of Grotius, and their defence by Mr Baxter, about the penalty undergone by Christ in making satisfaction, considered, 442
IV Farther of the matter of the satisfaction of Christ; wherein is prayed that it was the same that was in the obligation, 446
V The second head; about justification before believing, 449
VI Of the acts of God’s will towards sinners antecedent and consequent to the satisfaction of Christ-Of Grotius’ judgment herein, 451
VII In particular of the will of God towards them for whom Christ died, and their state and condition as considered antecedaneous to the death of Christ and all efficiency thereof, 454
VIII Of the will of God in reference to them for whom Christ died. imme­diately upon the consideration of his death; and their state and condition before actual believing in relation thereunto, 457
IX A digression concerning the immediate effect of the death of Christ, 459
X Of the merit of Christ, and its immediate efficacy What it effecteth- In what it resteth; with the state of those for whom Christ died in reference to his death, and of their right to the fruits of his death before believing, 462
XI More particularly of the state and right of them for whom Christ died, before believing,. 465
XII Of the way whereby they actually attain and enjoy faith and grace who have a right thereunto by the death of Christ, 468
XIII The removal of sundry objections to some things formerly taught about the death of Christ, upon the principles now delivered, 471
  To the Public, 483
  Epistle Dedicatory, 484
  The Preface to the Reader, 486
  PART I  
I The introduction-The design of the work-Atheists-The prolepsis of divine justice in general… 495
II The universal justice of God… 500
III A Series of arguments in support of vindicatory justice – First from the Scriptures. A second argument is taken from the general consent of mankind… 512
IV The origin of human sacrifices… 525
V The third argument-This divine attribute demonstrated in the works of providence. The fourth argument-Vindicatory justice revealed in the cross of Christ… 541
VI Another head of the first part of the dissertation… 549
VII The third argument-The non- punishment of sin is contrary to the glory of God’s justice… 554
  PART II.  
VIII Objections of the adversaries answered… 561
IX CRELLIUS taken to task… 564
X The opinion of SOClNUS con